The Investigating of Depression Rate in 12 to14-year – old Adolescents Whose Parents Have Been in Employment from the Start of Their Children’s Education in Shiraz Junior High Schools

This project, considering the high rate of the outbreak of depression in all societies – especially in the Iranian society -, seeks to find the reasons of depression in adolescence among adolescents by a causal approach. In view of the high vastness of the reasons and theories related to depression, the family plays an important role in the depression incidence process. Supposing that in these Years – adolescence – the employment of both parents from the start of the schooling days of their children and setting aside less time to children, and the exhaustion caused by job troubles and transferring their effects to home, all can be effective in the growth of depression rate in children. Furthermore, adolescence and the beginning of a series of physical and psychological changes can cause the emergence of the clearer problems and emotional deficiencies. On this basis, this project concentrated on the effect of the employment of both parents on adolescents’ affections, with especial attention to depression.
Since the intended population must have been examined and tested in an approximately large model, along with a quantitative device in almost similar conditions, the most appropriate device were the questionnaires. One of the most prevailing measures of depression measurement in adolescents – which in recent years has been prevailed and is of high durability and is lawful – is the CDS (Children’s Depression Scale); this Scale has been methodized and then encapsulated in Iran as CDS-A, which is used in researches. The intended population was researched with the latter scale.
Considering the employed parents, the size of the model was chosen. By way of the classified bunched casual modeling method, we chose different classes from the three – coursed junior high schools located in four different districts in Shiraz and the testees were chosen. We analyzed the acquired results from the corrected questionnaires by software, which, besides the total scores as the depression total index, eight smaller scales and each 25 items were analyzed by ANOVA and the T-test. No meaningful difference was seen between the two test groups (47 persons) and the witness group (398 persons) in the depression total index. But in parameter One of this scale, which is the depression’s general facets index, and also in item 16, a visible difference (higher than the certainty level of 0.99) was observed. Items 6, 10 and 25 (in the certainty level of 0.95) showed meaningful difference, too. In investigating the testees’ scores average in the test group, the mean’s mean in the groups with high depression was visibly lower than the other groups.
Finally, it would seem that although being in employment of both parents may not have a clear effect on the total index of the adolescents’ depression and the depression itself at schools, but, clearly, it does affect the depression general facets in adolescents; besides, the more the rate of depression, the lower the mean’s mean of the last year’s scores as educational progress index.
With the increasing significance of the matter “affections” in adolescents’ psychology and psychiatry and the matter of affective intelligence along with intelligence quotient (IQ) on the agenda, the psychological and social health of the society will be guaranteed by careful affective health preservation of our society’s adolescents.

By: Saeed Ghazipour, Hossein Shaabani & …
Dissertation for General Doctorate in Medicine





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